Tyra D’Costa | Ola Soszynski | Kiana Romeo | Dimitra Grovestine
For the third experiment, our team studied a variety of conductive materials that could be used as conductive sensors. We applied these sensors to wearable based controllers, in order to create a larger purpose for them in terms of their use in gameplay, and design for health. Our process began with a discussion on a topic we all found nostalgic- our childhood. We all remembered playing Miniclip and Disney games when they first came out. Being one of the first generations to grow up with technology, this topic seemed both fascinating and relevant to us. As we reminisced on our favorite childhood games, we also began to talk about the very real effects they had on social health of the millennial generation. Many of us remember rejecting the park or our friends to stay inside and play computer games or watch Netflix. Soon after, social media would further this drastic change in how children play, interact and socialise.
We also discussed some of the stereotypes and harmful effects associated with gaming for long periods of time. These effects may include: anti-social behaviour, stress in the tendons of the hands and forearms, reduced mobility etc. Our focus was to think about how we could reintroduce the games we loved so much as children, while addressing some of these issues. We wanted to create buttons that either engaged a group of individuals together, or encouraged an individual to engage in physical activity. However, we wanted to ensure that these purposed engagements did not have negative longterm effects on the body, and that the controllers were ergonomically designed to enhance the users experience.
Materials and Design
Using a Makey Makey micro controller eliminated the need for any code based work, we really wanted to focus our attention to building and designing the conceptual aesthetic of our project. Instead of making a single game controller we decided to make serval and host a 2000’s themed arcade. This involved analysing various elements of the games we chose. We observed the movements, directions and positions of each game in order to design controllers that were intuitive to the player and met the standard of our design goals.Our team concluded that it would useful to replace the traditional controller with wearable controllers in order to optimise the fluidity and interactivity of the designs. We thought it would be fun to make the controllers funny outfits from the early 2000’s, so we created mock ups of potential outfits and brainstormed design ideas for how they could be transformed into game controllers. The conductive thread became very useful when we wanted to hide wires and create a more seamless look. To contribute to the overall theme of childhood fun and nostalgia we decided to add prizes and a ticket booth. This added a whole new dimension to the arcade, bringing a sense of good spirited competition and challenge to the user experience.
- Economic Design
- Addresses social issues
- Design for health
- Interactive user experience
- Kinetic user experience
- Childhood Fun and Nostalgic Themes
- Used clothing ,
- Makey- Makey micro controller,
- Iron on conductive fabric,
- Conductive thread,
- Aligator Clips
How it all Works
In the Blast from the Past Arcade, every game we had used the Makey Makey, a small board that works like a USB and sends WASD/ left, right, up, down and spacebar signals to the computer. When the circuit is closed for any of these parts of the board, it sends the command to the computer being used as if the button was pressed on the keyboard.
Using the Makey Makey was quite easy since when connected to a computer it takes over the keyboard controls that would have been used otherwise. This allows for more movement in playing video games because the player is not required to sit directly in front of a screen and push buttons, they can get up and move around depending on how it is hooked up. As seen in the photo of the Makey Makey below, it can be seen how simple alligator clips and wires at various lengths can be attached in order to make more interesting controllers.
When performing the first test for the Makey Makey, we used it on the games we performed our research on, games that required an assortment of keyboard controls. The first game we tested was Super Mario Bros as this is a classic keyboard/ controller game.
Finally, when we put together the games, we had to ensure the controls on the Makey Makey corresponded with those for the specific game. For example, with the Sandwich Stacker game, the “left” and “right” arrow controls on the Makey Makey were connected to the two players wearing the suspenders and glasses while “ground” was connected to the player wearing the bow tie. Therefore the person who was grounded would simply have to make skin contact with the other players to activate the left and right controls.
With regards to the Club Penguin Dance Game, the player was connected to ground on each of their hands through the edgy gloves. The player wore a rock’n’roll t-shirt with two conductive iron on shoulder pads. These two shoulder pads were connected to the up and down arrows. Finally, the side movements were controlled by iron on conductible fabric on the hips of the belt. The gloves, not only were grounding themselves, but they also grounded the entire human body. Prior to getting the gloves to work, we had tested out using a single wristband. Because the wristband grounded the entire body, players could still use either hand to complete the switch and produce the proper game movement.
For the Happy wheels game we made two floor based controllers modelled after car pedals, we thought this was an inherently intuitive design for the acceleration and break. If the user is wearing the conductive ground wrist bands they can touch the left and right sides of the hat, as well as the centre of the bandana to front flip, back flip and reverse. While designing these game controllers we paid close attention to our research to ensure that the design was safe for long periods of game time. We made sure to keep the neck aligned, the bean bag chair came in handy for this as we were able to adjust the game screen as needed. Secondly, the design allows the elbows to always be bent at either sides of the player when playing. Lastly, the hand of the player is always in the same plane as the forearm which is key to reliving stress points in the hands and tendons.
When conducting research for our Blast from the Past Arcade, we had to consider many factors. Firstly and possibly the most important part of our project we had to carefully select games that we would use within it. These games had to have certain criteria:
Nostalgic games from different eras of our childhood:
We had to ensure that the games would resonate with everyone who tested our arcade and also with us in particular. We tested many games and had to dig deep in the internet to find these games (Some of them are over a decade old!) furthermore, since the arcade was about revisiting the past, we had to exclude some of our beloved games as they coincided with the same era. Research on the game release dates was necessary so we could successfully spread our arcade across many years (around 2005- 2012).
Games that use any combination of keyboard controls (spacebar, left, right, up, down buttons):
Although we had many games in mind, the Makey Makey requires keyboard controls to work. Therefore, a game with mouse movements would not work at all while a platform game using the left and right keys would. Furthermore, while researching, our group decided that instead of looking for games that could potentially use mouse movements, it was more authentic to use games with keyboard controls.
Links to games we had tested with the Makey Makey (games highlighted are the ones we used in the final prototype):
- https://scratch.mit.edu/projects/31583772/Super Mario Bros: needs up, left, right
- http://www.disney–games.com/625_sandwich_stacker_32.htmlLilo and Stitch Sandwich Stacker: left, rightGame Research
- https://play.cprewritten.net/ Club Penguin:
left, right, up, down
- http://www.totaljerkface.com/happy_wheels.tjf – Happy Wheels: up down left right space
- http://www.disney–games.com/hot_shot_photo_pro_313.htmlHannah Montana Hot Shot Photo Pro:mouse controls
- http://www.disney–games.com/puff_s_skate_jam_55.htmlPuff’s Skate Jam:up, down
- http://www.disney–games.com/rufus_snackdown_274.htmlRufus Snackdown:up, down, left, right
- https://cprewritten.net Club Penguin: up, down, left, right
The next step in our research was to figure out the science and implications of the way movements of the body affect our health and also how different game controllers and the way we hold them effects game play. The most logical way to go to find info on this was to look for research conducted by e-sports specialists. Our research found that posture and ergonomics are directly related to successful game play. Certain postures and movements provide the body with relief from cramps and muscle pain. Furthermore, when playing video games, watching the screen is a very important part of the experience but it’s also known that staring at screens for long periods of time can strain the eyes. By making the placement of the game eyelevel and the screen at least an arm length away from the player, the gaming experience will be a lot better. As well, wrist and finger positioning should be in such a way that it makes it easy and intuitive for someone to use.
When we designed our interfaces, we took all of these facts into account. For example, with the Happy Wheels game, one would sit on a comfortable bean bag in which they could position it to their liking. The controls included intuitive foot pedals with one used to step on the gas and move the character on the screen forward and one used to break. This freed up the players hands so that they could reach up to the hat and press it to control certain things in the game and lastly the bandana on the chest of the player one would simply touch to activate. We thought carefully about the controls with all of our games, both relating the functionality with the theme of the game itself and making sure the controls were comfortable and ergonomic enough to make playing more fun.
Activates the body and encourages users to move and dance in order to gain pints, win tickets and get prizes!
Encourages the user to step outside of the traditional hand positions found in most game controllers. This design relives stress that could build in the the tendons and muscles of the hands.
In this game users have to interact and work as a team to keep the game going, beat high scores and win big!