## Open Project – PAUWSE

Concept

For my open project I wanted to work with detecting stress through through galvanic skin response as well as finding a way to incorporate my dog into the project. The person would wear a shirt that had the main electronics on it, and the animal would have a bandana with a patch of conductive fabric. The glove that attaches to the shirt would act as the sensor, with the inside having conductive strips to sense stress (sweat). When stress reaches a certain threshold, the motor in the collar begins to vibrate, gently reminding them to do hug their pet and de-stress. When the person hugs their animal, this would act as a switch which turns off the motor and resets the system. The shirt and bandana have a futuristic aesthetic to tie together the technological parts.

Objective

Working from home and school work can be stressful and people often do not notice how much their stress level might rise. According to the NIH there is some research showing that pets can help reduce the levels of cortisol (a chemical related to stress) and can help people relax. Knowing that the neck is a sensitive part of the body, I wanted a motor to be the subtle nudge so that stress is a private thing rather than a public thing. It can be more stress full to realize the people around you can see that you are stressed. By encouraging people to interact with their pet and relax with a creature that loves them and doesn’t care about work or school, it can be a healthy way for people to take breaks and spend more time with their animals.

Parts List

• Conductive fabric
• 220 Ohm resistor (x2)
• 10k Ohm resistor
• T-shirt
• Motor
• Conductive thread
• Lipo battery
• Wire
• Red felt
• Red fabric
• Yellow fabric
• Cotton Thread
• Velcro
• Metal studs

Circuit Diagram

Circuit diagram can be found in drive.

Process

Due to not being able upload photos of process they can be found here.

Final Project

I was only able to finish the bandana for my dog, and only just started the shirt and glove.

Reflection & Next Steps

This is honestly a case of time mismanagement and thinking something is simpler that it is. Having three separate pieces that work together and involving those pieces in a way that is not only practical, but functional as well was very difficult. I very quickly steered away from LEDs because I wanted this project to be more personal and for the wearer, but it led me into working with components I have had minimal success with in the past and that I had never put together like this before. I lost a lot of time to figuring out how I wanted it to work rather than actually putting it together. I definitely will be finishing this project on my own time because I think it is such a neat idea, but it has deffinitely taught me to never underestimate how long something might take you.

Resources & Related Works

Cyberpunk 2077 – Samurai demon’ bandana | Spreadshirt. (n.d.). Spreadshirt. Retrieved April 29, 2021, from https://www.spreadshirt.com/shop/design/cyberpunk+2077+samurai+demon+bandana-D5d3933d413615129eaed54f3?sellable=kaMrljXXrVt1yrLLobY2-610-41

Farnsworth, B. (2018, July 17). What is GSR (galvanic skin response) and how does it work? imotions. Retrieved April 29, 2021, from https://imotions.com/blog/gsr/

H. (2020). Interested sensors. E-textile swatch exchange. Retrieved April 29, 2021, from https://etextile-summercamp.org/swatch-exchange/interested-sensors/

INUPATHY. (2020, October 15). イヌパシー. 愛犬の気持ちを心拍から読み解く. Retrieved April 29, 2021, from https://www.inupathy.com/en/

NIH News in Health. (2020, April 6). The power of pets. Retrieved May 1, 2021, from https://newsinhealth.nih.gov/2018/02/power-pets

Sensoree. (2021). GER mood sweater. Retrieved April 29, 2021, from https://sensoree.com/artifacts/ger-mood-sweater/

ZOLNAR. (2021). Retrieved April 29, 2021, from https://www.zolnar.com/

## Open Project – Angelina Do (#3182746)

CONCEPT & OBJECTIVE

The idea of this wearable is to create a meditation timer. This timer is set for one minute of mindfulness to help the user quiet their mind when they are possibly overwhelmed. When the mindfulness arm band is on the user, the wearable is idle and serves as a fashion piece. However, when wanting to practice a minute of meditation, the bracelet can be taken off which triggers a 6o second timer. For each 10 second interval, a pair of LEDs change colour to signal the passing of time. When the 60 seconds are up, the user is met with a rainbow animation and peaceful melody to alert the one minute has been completed.

I know personally, nearing the end of this semester, I suffered tremendously with my personal mental health and found that incorporating just one minute of meditation helped me relax and listen to what my body needed most; rest. “Have you ever wanted your mind to leave you alone? Try this. Set a timer for 60 seconds, close your eyes and focus on your breathing. If you notice yourself getting distracted, simply return your attention to the rise and fall of your chest as you breathe. That’s it. Seriously, try it (Whitaker, 2017).”

PROCESS

I first started sketching the circuit for my wearable. At first, I was going to use the CPX’s built in switch, however decided to include an external switch for better wearability.

I then started to test my circuit’s functionality using the CPX and alligator clips.  I attached a metal snap to the positive alligator clip and the other to the negative alligator clip to ensure the same result would be reflected when sewing the snaps onto the armband. I created and edited my code based off a Handwashing Timer Code and a 10 Second Timer Code found on Adafruit’s Blog.

Link To My MakeCode File

After ensuring the circuit was functioning with the alligator clips, I began creating the arm band from scrap felt I had lying around the house. I measured the dimensions of my wrist size onto black felt and cut three horizontal strips. I then decided on the width of my armband and cut multiple purple felt strips to create the weave pattern. After the foundation of the weave was laid out, I cut off the excess and hot glued the strips in place. I then proceeded to attach the CPX to the armband with non-conductive thread (embroidery thread). Next, I sewed the circuit with conductive thread connecting to the GND and A5 Pin and attached a metal clasp to each end.

The final step of completing the wearable was sewing on the white circle of felt to diffuse the LEDs and add some decorative elements. I decided to add a lotus which represents strength and hope. Afterwards, I plugged in my CPX to ensure the circuit and code were still functioning. Luckily enough, I experienced no issues on the first try!

FINAL PROJECT IMAGES

IDLE                                                        DURING MEDITATION

WEARABLE BEING WORN

YOUTUBE LINK TO WEARABLE OVERVIEW!!!

PARTS LIST

• Circuit Playground Express + Power Adaptor
• Conductive Thread
• Metal Snaps
• 3 Felt Pieces
• Embroidery Thread (Non-conductive thread)
• Scissors
• Hot Glue Gun
• Sewing Needle

REFLECTION & NEXT STEPS

Overall, I am very proud of myself for creating this wearable! I liked how I created a product that I would integrate into my everyday life and even has a pretty aesthetic to encourage consistent use. From the last wearable I created, I achieved my goal and improved on the stitching of my conductive thread. This time the sewing was clean and tight to prevent any short circuiting. This project was a mix of both my expressive wearable and skill sharing workshop. I took the idea of the timer from the handwashing timer and then implemented the metal snap switch from my expressive wearable tote bag! I learned how to successfully build a timer in MakeCode while adding additional elements like melody and animation! In the future, I would be interested in purchasing a battery pack instead of plugging the adapter into my laptop for easier usage.

## Open Project – Giulia Zefilippo 3179987

Concept:
For my open project, I crafted two stretchable knitted sleeves that react (by fading LEDs) when the user stretches out their arms.

Objective:
The project idea came from our class ideation exercise. Sleeves, stretching and relief. One of the core wearability concepts talks about creating wearable’s that are a “successful extension of the body”. For me, I have this habit of standing up and stretching my body. I wanted to recreate this feeling of extension into a material object. Whenever I stretch my arms, the material reacts to my movements and turns on LEDs.

Process:
Sketches of different ideas for the final completed wearable.
Loom knitting the sleeves. Every few lines, I would measure the length and determine if it was long enough to move onto the next step.

The next step of the process was adding conductive thread near the bottom rows of each sleeve. I would test the resistant values while I was knitting to determine if there was enough resistance between the beginning of the conductive thread and the end. This process was done for both sleeves.

Next step was to knit a collar to hold the battery and cpx. I measured around my neck, arms, chest to determine how long I would need to knit for. The first step when you’re knitting yarn you’ve never used before, is to knit a swatch. This photo is a 6 inch swatch (not 27 inches).

This is planning out the placement of the LEDs. The sleeves were turned inside out. The LEDs were flipped downwards to avoid any uncomfortable poking and sewed on felt with conductive thread.

Coding part:

This part was fairly easy to put together. The more tricky part was trying to determine value parameter for each stretchy sleeve. Using the Arduino IDE and serial monitor makes it a lot easier to program the CPX.

Final Project Images (and video below)

https://youtu.be/4d7NUSlvfxc

Parts List

• Yarn (preferably one colour or a matching colour).
• Loom knitter.
• Knitting needles.
• Conductive thread.
• PVC circuit wires.
• Resistors (200 ohm, 56 ohm).
• LEDs (plus 330 ohm resistors).
• Fabric scissors.
• Felt fabric.
• Li-poly battery (850 mAh).

Circuit Diagram:

Reflections & Next Steps
The easiest part of this project was knitting (I had previous knowledge and experience). The most difficult part was deciding on which wires were conductive thread and which had to be PVC wires.

When reading the resistant values of conductive thread, you have to attach one wire at the beginning and one at the end. You need one wire not to interact with the knitted conductive thread parts. It’s not easy sewing and attaching a PVC circuit wire to knitted material.

This is one part that I struggled the most with and I will continue experimenting with different conductive materials and yarn to hopefully avoid using PVC circuit wire for the stretch component.

Next steps, I will continue knitting a sweater to attach to my sleeves.

Resources & Related Works

• Arduino, & Arduino_Scuola. (2016, July 8). Tubolar Stretch Sensor Tutorial. Arduino. https://create.arduino.cc/projecthub/Arduino_Scuola/tubolar-stretch-sensor-tutorial-fdb5c5
• Knit Stretch Sensors. (n.d.). Kobakant. Retrieved April 16, 2021, from https://www.kobakant.at/DIY/?p=1762
• Knit Wrist Sensors. (n.d.). Kobakant. Retrieved April 16, 2021, from https://www.kobakant.at/DIY/?p=4461
• Knitted stretchy cable. (n.d.). Kobakant. Retrieved April 16, 2021, from https://www.kobakant.at/DIY/?p=2245

## Assignment 3: Open Project — Nala Ren

Hello, and welcome to my blog post.

I spent 58 hours on this dress.

Please enjoy this tale of my suffering.

Obligatory final photos first because I love the finished product! I can’t re-size a video to be small enough for WordPress, so you’ll find a video of the different capacitive touch interactions within the Process slides.

Concept

I created a fluffy, sheer babydoll dress embroidered with flowers, where the embroidery lights up through touch. The transparent dress is made in a natural, pastel-and-nude colour palette, evoking feelings of soft skin and springtime. Many of the flowers are backlit with LEDs, which are activated in differing patterns depending on how and where you caress the wearer. Currently, the dress is coded with four different touch zones, each with their own LED pattern – touching the wearer’s right hip activates a line of lights leading up towards the heart, as if the wearer is being emotionally affected by the contact. Touching around the stomach area sets off frantic flickers, as if mimicking a quick heartbeat. The left hip area makes all the LEDs glow gently in a rainbow loop, like a steady sort of passion. Finally, touching the right breast area causes sparks to light up the entire dress, evoking a nervous excitement. Literally and metaphorically, touch sets off fireworks on the skin. Personally, I think of the dress as more of a wear-at-home item, something you can use as lingerie or a nightgown, but I could see an altered, less transparent version of this dress being used in a more public setting.

Objective

There are a lot of objectives I tried to hit with this dress. Primarily, I wanted to make something in the theme of combating COVID isolation. I know the pandemic has made it a huge struggle for people to interact and engage romantically/sexually (am I allowed to be talking about sexual interaction for a school project?), and people are feeling the loneliness more than ever. This dress promotes touching and social/sexual interaction, making it exciting and fun for both parties to explore the wearer’s body. The different lighting modes are meant to mimic how the wearer might be feeling when touched in a specific area of the body – I coded them to my own personal reactions, but they can be changed to light up in any number of ways depending on individual preference. The focus on skin tones is also important – it makes the dress look like an aesthetic extension of the body instead of a fully separate entity,

I also wanted to make a dress with a fun, springtime vibe (since we’re just getting into the warmer days now) as well as touching on high fantasy designs with the detailed nature embroidery. I’ve been obsessed with high fantasy since I was little, and I’ve always dreamed of making a beautiful elf dress one day. Honestly, when I went into this project, I just wanted to make something that I thought was genuinely beautiful – I so frequently make things that I think are “useful” or really meaningful in some way, but sometimes I get sick of that. Not that this dress doesn’t have a purpose, but I think some things can exist only to be pretty.

Core Concepts of Wearability

Comfort – This dress is remarkably comfortable. The chiffon is super soft against your skin, and the Neopixels don’t add any bulk (they’re very flat), so they don’t scratch your skin at all. The insulation layer of chiffon between the LEDs and your skin increase the comfort, and all of the fabric, embroidery, lights, and battery pack are extremely lightweight, so you don’t feel like the dress is dragging.

Durability – This is absolutely not washable, but otherwise it is fairly durable. The battery pack can be removed to charge for extended longevity. The fabric (surprisingly) doesn’t rip easily, and all of the loose ends/frays are burnt off, so they can’t unravel. A lot of the embroidery is sealed with clear nail polish as well, so they won’t likely undo themselves.

Usability – Okay, I had originally intended for this to be a wear-in-public sort of thing, but as I was making it I got more and more obsessed with it being a lingerie-type dress. As a nightgown, it is absolutely usable and functional – as I was working on it in the privacy of my apartment, I would wear it around all the time just because I liked the softness. As an outdoors dress, well, you could wear it in the streets if you had a lot of confidence. It could also be easily altered into an outside-appropriate dress by adding more layers of chiffon to decrease the transparency, but I really like it as is!

Aesthetics – This is up to your personal tastes, but frankly I think it’s pretty gorgeous, if I do say so myself.

Process

As usual there are too many images for WordPress, so I’ve made a separate process document. There you’ll find a much more detailed step-by-step as well as commentary on all of the parts used.

Here are some highlights:

Cutting the fabric for (what I thought was) the hoop skirt. It ended up being more of a gathered hoop bandeau?

Embroidering the first flower.

Positioning CPX and Neopixels!

Everything embroidered, all Neopixels connected! Only thing left to do is the capacitive touch connections.

Parts List

• Chiffon (2-3 yds)
• Non-conductive Thread
• Embroidery Thread
• Conductive Thread (90 ft)
• Adafruit Neopixels (15)
• Adafruit Circuit Playground Express
• Lithium Ion Polymer Rechargeable Battery + Charger
• Clear Nail Polish

Additional Tools

• Sewing Needle
• Embroidery Needle
• Embroidery Hoop
• Lighter
• Sewing Machine (optional)

Reflection

I guess I have a lot to unpack here, so I’ll talk about the important points first and then you can skip my rambling if you so desire.

The dress can actually take 6 capacitive touch areas/LED patterns. The Neopixels use 3 pins (I used A1 for data), which leaves pins A2 through A7 available for capacitive touch connections. Originally, I was going to use all 6 pins and program 6 different LED interactions, but honestly I ran out of time, so I went with 4 instead. The project overall took much longer than I had anticipated, even though all of the steps in themselves were relatively simple. Everything was just too time consuming.

I’m extremely torn between meticulously planning out every detail of my project, versus just going for it. This project started out with a detailed plan, but quickly devolved into chaos. I generally feel that I work better with no plan and the freedom to simply create, but I definitely ran into issues with my freely high expectations. Going forward, I think the key is to compartmentalize the sections of the project where I can wing it, and the sections that should be written out in full. For example, with the making of the dress base, I was much happier just trying whatever and seeing if I liked it, but I was a mess trying to sew on the LEDs with no plan (don’t worry, I did eventually draw out my diagram).

I regret that in the end, the code was not as complex as I wanted it to be. I originally experimented with a bunch of different things – I remember you (Olivia!) proposing that the dress could maybe “miss” being touched, and I tested out the concept of the dress making a hopeful little chirrup when it hadn’t been touched for a period of time, but I eventually decided that it may be annoying for a wearer, especially if they’re just wearing it for themselves. I want to further explore more complex code and interactions, but I also have reasonable expectations for myself, being completely new to the world of wearable tech. While the final code is not complex, I think it’s effective, and the testing I went through definitely helped me gain more knowledge into all the functionalities of MakeCode.

Now for the other stuff. I had at least 4 – 5 breakdowns while making this, I think just because of the stress of pandemic plus retail work plus end-of-semester pressure. Even with the extension, I felt like I didn’t have enough time to really execute this dress the way I wanted to. Ideally, I would have spent an entire month just embroidering in bits and pieces, taking my time and enjoying the process. Instead, I did all of the embroidery over 4 days, embroidering for 8 hours a day. I felt like my eyes were going to pop out of my skull. Surely, I thought, surely the embroidery would be the most time consuming part of the process, but when I started sewing on the Neopixels I nearly lost my mind. They are just so incredibly finicky, I had to redo many of them several times in order to get them working consistently. Every night I stayed up until 2 or 3 AM just sewing, and went to bed crying because I felt like it was impossible to get it all done. (I also burned the absolute **** out of myself while cooking around this time, and that meant I lost a few days of work because I literally couldn’t use my hand. That was a fun breakdown.) When I finally sewed the last pixel, I felt so much relief that it was over.

All of this is in good humor (or at least, that millenial/gen-z sort of depressing humor), and none of this is to say that I would never use Neopixels again, or that any of this affected my opinion of wearable technology. Overall, making this dress (and this course as a whole) only increased my love for fashion and tech. Right after this post, I plan on dismantling the dress so that I can re-use the components in another high fantasy dress, but this time I’m going to take my sweet time, and I think it will result in something I really adore.

Resources

Cooper, J. (2012). Sewable Neopixels. Retrieved from https://learn.adafruit.com/flora-rgb-smart-pixels/overview

# Detachable Notes

video of Detachable Notes

#### INTRODUCTION

“Detachable Notes” is a wearable that allows people to attach and detach wearable electronics which might have various functions. The attachment of the day could be decided by users that which components fit the most of that day. For example, if a user might need to walk back home at late night with few lights on the street, he/she could choose to carry the component that could remind the cars or other people that there is a person walking in the dark. Since it is a T-shirt, users will need to wear it directly, not adding on other clothing. Except for the connection between each component, all the component is removable. They could be unattached to avoid the connection or switch with other components. There are three modes now in this wearable. The first mode would be when users click Button A on the circuit playground express, the component in the front will blink 20 times. The second mode is when users click Button B on the circuit playground express, The component on the back will have rainbow light. The third mode is to close everything. Pressing Button A and Button B at the same time, all the action will stop. The purpose of the users of wearing this wearable could be various since it is component-based that could achieve different effects.

This version of the “Detachment Notes” shirt, it includes three components. The one in white-flower shape is for the battery and circuit playground express, allowing them to control and send code to the components. The other two are light components. The yellow flower-looking light component has a meaning of happiness. When the user wears it on the shirt, it indicating a happy emotion. The blinking light is between yellow and orange, trying to deliver a positive emotional effect. The one on the back is a butterfly component. Its work is to remind other people in the dark that there is one person here, avoiding the hit from cars but looks beautiful at the same time.

There will be more components along with the development, however, in the first version, there will be only two versions being shown.

#### CONCEPT

Idea & Inspiration

The inspiration first came from a tutorial from Kobakant (https://www.kobakant.at/DIY/?p=5660). It is an Electromagnetic Velcro. However, the author indicates that it will turn out hot and burn the fabric and it might not be stable. I got the inspiration to separate the circuit into two pieces and decided to use the press button that I explored in exploration journal 3 instead. So, I could put the CPX and the battery on the clothing and connect the pins with one side of the press button. And then use a separate fabric with another side of the press button as well as the circuit including the input and output.

Also, I think it could be really interesting that explore and create a wearable that the components could be add on or remove, which similar to a device such as a phone. The clothing’s connection-based like a physical phone and the components is the application that features on it.

What I am Creating

I tried to use the LED string as the light source. And the press button will have a similar effect with the switch. Only when the button is connected, the circuit is complete. On the components, there will be some conductive press buttons and some non-conductive press buttons, they were used for connecting to the circuit and help for fixing the position of the components respectively. On the clothing, using conductive thread and conductive fabric to connect the buttons to help close the circuit. The connection is fixed on clothing. Component One, flower shape with white and orange colours, the purpose of it is to share the warm, optimistic, happiness emotion to others. Component Two, butterfly shape with purple and white colours, the purpose of it is to remind other people that there is someone in case it is really dark and can barely see people on street.

#### OBJECTIVE

The object of “Detachment Notes” is trying to explore more on the separation on the clothing and the wearable electronic so that could see the difference from the wearable that is sewing and fix on the clothing. With the Detachment Notes, users have more freedom on it. It is not specific to one topic. And users are allowed to have some customization of how it will look and what functions it is going to perform by selection materials, function, and different sensors. For me, it looks like a”LEGO” in the wearable technology area.

#### Wearabilities

• Comfort: The components and connection parts are all fixed on the outside of the t-shirt. They don’t have a direct connection with skin except for the arm. At the same time, it is made of soft material which is friendly to the skin.
• Durability: Since the circuit playground express and all the other electronic components are detachable, so uses could remove all the electronic parts and use water to wash the cloth. Moreover, most of the sewing part is hidden under the fabric so that it could keep the thread away from damage.
• Usability: Since it is a components-based wearable, users could always add more or switch to another component that has different functions on clothing. Therefore, it could fulfill most of the needs of users. The only problem will be the there is no way to change the background since it is fixed on the t-shirt.
• Aesthetics: In my point of view, the aesthetics of the “Detachable Notes” is well fitted in this topic. As I mentioned just now, it looks like a “LEGO” toy to me, therefore, it is more cartoon style. And I believed that there are people who also love this style. Moreover, on the t-shirt, the cloud and glass are for hiding the conductive thread and fabric, so that it is there in purposed. If some users don’t like the style, it could always able to change into another theme and style, as long as it is having the same functions.

#### Process

Ideation drawing

At the beginning drawing of the idea, I was planning to create two rectangle components with two materials and two effects.

After some brainstorms, the idea has been iterated. The form and shape of the components are not fixed anymore, And it is a garden theme that has glass, flowers, butterfly on it. In this drawing, I put a heart that could be active by capacitive touch, however, due to the time consuming, I decided to give up this component.

This is the detailed design I planned to create in these components.

I get out how the light will perform under the cotton and adding a felt sheet on top.

Cutting ut the pieces. I cut out a hole because I would like more light could be delivered from the LED strip.

Similar to butterfly components, cutting out and creating a hole for more light comes out.

Similar to the butterfly components, cutting our, creating a spot for the CPX and the battery.

Testing the LED strip. And this is the video.

After the consideration, I decided to add two more buttons in order to have capacitive touch, for the purpose of activating the code. However, after the consideration of time, I decided not to do it in this project.

Due to the covid-19 situation in Tronto, there are fewer places that sell art supplies, Micheal only got two packs of the conductive version of the press button. The black one in non-conduction. But I need the more button that is conductive, therefore, I taped the copper type on the button to make it conductive, and it works as expected.

Using conductive fabric for the main part to replace the conductive thread. so that it will be cleaner when looking at the outside.

Connect the LED strip to the conductive buttons. Also, testing if it works. The LED strip is in series connection.

Working on the connection part where need to place the press buttons in the right place, and having conductive thread and fabric to connect between each press buttons. Also, testing if the connection is good in the circuit.

The final look. It looks great and cute. The light can not really see it when it’s super bright outside. But it is really clear in a darker area. The video could be found at the top of the page.

#### Part lists

- Circuit Playground Express
- 60 WS2812 RGB Addressable LED Strip
- 3.7V 400mAh Lithium-Ion Polymer Battery
- Conductive thread
- Conductive fabric
- Copper tape
- Non-conductive
- Press buttons (conductive x 2Packs and non-conductive x 2Packs)
- Felt with various colours (Purple, Orange, Green, Darker Green, White)
- Cotton Balls
- Sewing set
- Scissors
- Another type of fabric
- Glue gun

MakeCode Link

#### Reflection and Next Steps

Reflection

During the process of making, I need to plan ahead and buy more materials. The reason why I use copper tape on the black press button is that there is not enough for the needs. So for the next or future course-related assignment, I would prefer but more than what I think I need, which allows me some areas to change my idea. Also, I did not use different materials as mediums for the components. If using different materials as an example, it would be more interesting and understandable for the user to get the advantages of the detachable wearable technology. It is a pity that I did not contain capacitive touch or any sensors in the project. This related back to my first problem that did not have enough conductive touch for additional sensors. Moreover, I did something wrong in the arrangement of the button. For the butterfly, the arrangement of the button is “ground”, “data pin”, and “Vout” from top to the bottom, however, the arrangement in the yellow follow is “Ground”, “Vout” and “data pin”. So that when they exchange the position, the light is not working.

Next Step

For the next step, first fix the arrangement of the position of the bottom and make it work. And then I would like to produce more components for the clothing. Also, I would like to try using some sewing techniques on the component sheet so that it looks more aesthetic. In addition, adding sensors and sensors as one of the components would be a great idea as well! The component sheet is not fixed to the sensor using as well!

#### Reference

Blaine, E. S. (2019). LED NeoPixel Corset with Circuit Playground Express and MakeCode. Adafruit Learning System. https://learn.adafruit.com/led-corset-with-circuit-playground-and-makecode/wiring-diagram.

Halleux, P. de. (2017). NeoPixels with MakeCode. Adafruit Learning System. https://learn.adafruit.com/neopixels-with-makecode/overview.

YouTube. (2019). Behind the MakeCode Hardware - NeoPixels on Circuit Playground Express. YouTube. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Bo0cM2qmuAE.

VELCRO, E. L. E. C. T. R. O. M. A. G. N. E. T. I. C. (2020). HOW TO GET WHAT YOU WANT. https://www.kobakant.at/DIY/?p=5660.

Park, J. (2020). No-Touch Hand Wash Timer for Circuit Playground Express and CLUE. Adafruit Learning System. https://learn.adafruit.com/no-touch-hand-wash-timer-for-cpx-and-clue/circuit-playground-express-timer.

## Ziqi Guo-Open project

-Video (Including creation process & troubleshooting & final work-

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-7DMJxCw-0A

-Inspiration-

In this final work, I would like to create an interactive way existing in a wearable outfit. I finally made the decision of making an interactive method on a hoodie. I gained inspiration for this object from both the content of the lecture and the patterns on the original hoodie. I was really into the use of capacitive touch, hoping to create something with capacitive touch being applied. Later, I brainstormed and came up with some ideas that I could extend.

My first idea was to create a lighting, adjustable collar. In the middle of the collar, I could design a special pattern, when it connects with the one on the other side of the collar, the circuit will be closed and the collar will light up. I later found that it might be difficult to make a pattern like that because the length of the centre part of the collar will be hard to match perfectly. Then I came up with another idea, which was to use capacitive touch to control the light on the shirt. I will hide the tail of the capacitive touch in my pocket, so, when people place their hands in the pocket, they can control the patterns illuminating on the shirt.

#### -Final Concept/ Objective-

I finally decided to combine the two elements altogether by creating an interactive hoodie using capacitive touch. I decided to make this and there are three main reasons. The first reason is that for the previous assignments, I had explored the strategy by closing a circuit and making the lights up for several times. So, in this assignment, I would like to try something new. The second reason is that the hoodie was a very good medium to perform my concept. I could decorate the hat on the hoodie and hide the capacitive touch inside of the pocket. The third reason is that I see this could be an idea that fulfills all the wearability requirements. It will have a good outlook, easy access to use, and a well-protected structure to avoid the circuit being hurt, and it will be comfortable for people to use and wear.

#### -Parts List-

1. conductive thread
2. light-tight fabric
3. Circuit Playground Express
4. wire with non-conductive cover
5. buttons
6. non-conductive fabric
7. (optional) a hoodie with a hat and pocket
8. sewing supplies such as scissors, non-conductive thread, sewing machine (optional)
9. mobile power supply/battery
10. USB charge wire
11. LEDs
12. cotton

#### -Process-

Material trying out: At the beginning, I tried to explore different materials and fabrics’ degrees of transmittance of light. I made some cute lighting bubbles with a layer of shading fabric, a layer of recycled silk and a space to fill buttons. I decided to insert buttons because I found that it will help to spread lights from the LED inside of the bubble evenly.

Because there are some existing patterns on my hoodie, I later decided to directly put my LEDs inside of the patterns that were already existing. However, I rethought the initial idea of my creation and found that my artwork lacked a theme. I then decided to add something related to fashion in my artwork. 2021 is the cow year in the Chinese traditional calendar, so I decided to add a cow horn on the hat by using the same material so my artwork can resonate with the fashion trend and the culture.

I later designed the circuit of my work and tested the code. I tried to avoid the intersection of the circuit but found it was not possible.

I sew the circuit on the hat. Before I did that, I sewed an extra layer using a sewing machine on the inner side of the hat so I could sew my circuit without influencing the hat’s appearance. I later used nail polish on the conductive thread after I did the circuit sewing. For the capacitive lines, I used a very thin wire as it is covered by insulation material. So even though there are some intersections, the circuit will work perfectly as well.

On the capacitive touch side, I sew three buttons on the inner layer of the pocket. I noticed that I should always use the buttons where the centre is sag as that will reduce the possibilities for users to touch the capacitive buttons mistakenly.

I finally added a third layer in the hat of the hoodie so the outfit will be very clean.

#### -Wearability Analyze-

1. Comfortable: For making the circuit being comfortable to wear on the hoodie, I added two extra laters to my hoodie hat to make that a “sandwich” structure. The first “bread” underneath will be the original layer of the hat, the “vegetables” in the middle will be the second layer I sewed above the original hat (which is the layer I sewed all the circuits on). The other “bread” layer on the sandwich will be the layer I sewed after I did all the circuits to hide the circuit. Besides the hat of the hoodie, I also sewed another layer inside the body of the hoodie to hide the capacitive wires inside between the layer and the hoodie, so people will not feel any circuit or wires.
2.  Aesthetic:  For making the final work looks well-polished, I first made attempt to use the sewing machine to make the button lighting bubbles. However, I later found that I still could not make every detail perfect. Taking the snow flick as an example, I could not use the sewing machine to sew a snow-flake shape, instead, I can only sew that as a pentagon. However, if I make the pattern as a pentagon, it will not look sloppy. Especially when the LED inside is not lighting up and people could not see the snow-flick shape inside of it. As a result, I used the original patterns on the hoodie instead and later changed my idea into making cow horns to make the hoodie decorations more polished.
3. Durability: The hoodie will be good to wear and not easy to be broken. As I used layers circuits between other layers of fabrics. I also used nail polish to make the conductive thread coated so there will not be any “short circuit” to break the CPX. I also added a lot of stitching using embroidery on each line of the conductive thread circuit so they will not be twisted with each other. I also designed each pattern of this project to look good even there are no LEDs lighting up. So even people wear this hoodie without concerning this circuit functions, it will also look on them.
4. Usability: This hoodie as a wearable electronics project will be good to use. That is because I set the triggers of the capacitive touch inside of the pocket. So people could access them easily. Manipulating the capacitive touch in the pocket will also make this a personal behaviour for the users and they will be able to perform themselves anytime in anywhere they want.

#### -Next Steps-

• I am currently using a mobile power supply as the power supply of this work. The disadvantage is that the mobile power supply will be disconnected every 10 seconds. In the future, I would like to apply another way of doing power supply such as batteries, so the CPX will not be easily disconnected and people can carry the power supply easily at the same time.
• I will further explore my cotton light bubbles by making them more polished to be displayed. I choose not to use the cotton light bubbles with patterns that I made because they looked a little bit wired when LEDs are not lighting up. I would like to find a way which makes the patterns look great on the hoodie even if the LED inside is not illuminating.

#### -reference-

Mackey, A. (2019, March 1). Vega Edge. SOCIAL BODY LAB. http://socialbodylab.com/vega-edge/.

neidlinger , kristin. (n.d.). GER Mood Sweater. Sensoree. https://www.sensoree.com/artifacts/ger-mood-sweater/.

Capacitive Touch. (2021). Week8 lecture- Capacitive Touch. https://canvascloud.ocadu.ca/courses/1271/pages/intro-to-week-7-~7-min?module_item_id=124057.

Prior, O. (2021). Wearability. Week7 lecture- wearability. https://canvascloud.ocadu.ca/courses/1271/pages/wearability-~40-min?module_item_id=124060.

## Open Project – Valeria Suing (3182717)

Project Proposal: Gaming Night

Project Concept

The inspiration for this project comes from my friends and our biweekly meetings via zoom to stay connected and play various games. Most of the games that we play require either a dice or a timer and it’s usually a burden to look for these objects. This is why I decided to make a sweater that will have a built-in dice and timer located in the forearm so it’s viewable to the user.

The results of the dice and timer will be displayed in a seven segment display. To show results for the dice the user will have to shake their arm. To start the timer they will have to press a button.

Check out the final project in the link below:

https://youtu.be/z627VfIl3rY

Objective

Throughout the semester I really enjoyed working with LEDs and the CPX itself as an output. Nonetheless, I wanted to challenge myself with this Open Project and I decided to use a segment display, which I have never used before. My goal was to learn a little bit more in depth how coding and physical computer works, and how that can translate to a wearable project.

I also wanted to make something useful and fun that will help me connect with my friends and share with them my new found passion for electronics and wearables!

Parts List

1x Adafruit 7-segment LED backpack

1x Circuit Playground Express

4x male/female jumper wires (preferred)

Piece of felt

Conductive thread

Non-conductive thread

Needle

Silicone gun and glue

Soldering wire and iron

Alligator clips

USB cable

Yarn

Crochet hook

Progress

The Adafruit 7-segment display requires soldering. So, the first thing that I did was to learn how to solder. Here’s a quick video of how I did it:

https://youtu.be/Dv8jDzkjTq0

After that step, I connected my display into a breadboard so I could test it. I had to download the Adafruit Circuit Playground Express and the Adafruit LED backpack segment display libraries into the Arduino IDE. This helped me gain to different examples on how to use the display. I also used this schematic for reference:

After a lot of research I was able to find some resources that helped me with the code. I had to make use of different examples from the library such as the hello accelerometer and hello sound. After a few trials and errors, here’s the final code:

This is my first time using the Arduino IDE for the CPX and I’m also a beginner in Arduino. Here’s a quick video of some of the trials:

https://youtu.be/_kZEKAQc6G4

After getting it to work in the breadboard, it was time to sew it in a piece of felt. To connect the segment display to the conductive thread I used a male / male wire that I had to strip to sew it together. Ideally this would have been better with a male / female wire.

The circuit looked like this:

To cover the circuit I decided to start crocheting. Once I finished I sewed the felt to the crochet and I opened a hole for the display. I later attached the crochet to the sweater.

Finally I added the designs!

Initial sketches

Originally I wanted to add a necklace for the timer but I realized that the segment display will work just as good for it. I also wanted to have the micro controller in the forearm so it will allow the user to shake their arm to roll the dice. This gesture was important to me since when you have a physical dice you shake them first. I wanted to simulate that experience, and that’s why I decided to change the location of CPX.

Final Sketch

I decided to also add sound everytime the user rolls the dice since I was having trouble in the trials figuring out if it did roll or not.

Circuit Diagram

Final

Reflection

Overall, the project was really fun to make. The sweater felt comfortable and light and I was able to enjoy it with my friends. Here’s a picture of our game night:

To make this sweater better I would try to crochet the hole already so I don’t have to cut through it. I would also make it bigger and I would love to use velcro so its size becomes adjustable and the circuit is removable, making the sweater washable.

I wanted to incorporate a battery but unfortunately Creatron was closed due to lockdown and I wasn’t able to get the battery on time. Nonetheless, since all of my meetings are online I had no trouble connecting it to the computer and it never bothered me during my games.

I would love to keep exploring how to code in Arduino and keep making wearables!

References

Adafruit LED Backpacks Assembly. (2012, July 29). Adafruit Learning System. https://learn.adafruit.com/adafruit-led-backpack/0-dot-56-seven-segment-backpack-assembly

Arduino Setup. (2012, July 29). Adafruit Learning System. https://learn.adafruit.com/adafruit-led-backpack/0-dot-56-seven-segment-backpack-arduino-setup

Circuit Playground D6 Dice. (2016, December 16). Adafruit Learning System. https://learn.adafruit.com/circuit-playground-d6-dice/random-or-not

Dungeons and Dragons Dice Gauntlet – learn.sparkfun.com. (2019). Sparkfun. https://learn.sparkfun.com/tutorials/dungeons-and-dragons-dice-gauntlet

ESP32: How to Setup Adafruit 7 Segment LED Display w/I2C Backpack. (2020, April 18). [Video]. YouTube. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ESo_gSL9Fr4

Fidget Spinner Tachometer. (2017, July 8). Adafruit Learning System. https://learn.adafruit.com/fidget-spinner-tachometer/hardware

Interfacing a 4-Digit 7-Segment Display. (2019). Arduino Project Hub. https://create.arduino.cc/projecthub/Tr3v3n_Jaganath/interfacing-a-4-digit-7-segment-display-8506ca

## Open Project – Zoë Roiati-Antonucci

✨🌸Twinkle Toes🌸✨

Concept

My project is a sock with twinkling lights on the tips of its toes triggered by a pressure sensor that sits under the big toe. When the pressure sensor is pressed, the LEDs light up one after the other from the blue one, to red, to green. I added some flowers to create a very playful, whimsical aesthetic.

Objective

My goal was to create something fun and cheerful during such a down and exhausting time. I could see this piece being more for children who enjoy dressing up in costume or for those in performance/dance who would like to add a twinkling light to their feet that help track their movements.

Process

First I flipped the sock inside-out and sewed in the CPX and LEDs

*NOTE* I cut up a piece of paper and wedged it in-between the CPX and the fabric so it wouldn’t burn out.

Then I added the pressure sensor on the other side where the big toe would go.

I made sure none of the wires crossed over each other. If they needed to cross paths, I made sure they were looped on opposite sides of the fabric.

Finally, I tested it out.

I taped a paper barrier to my foot to avoid the CPX coming in direct contact with my skin.

As a way to cover up the messy wires and add a more fun fairy-like aesthetic, I added some flowers on the surface.

Materials List

• White cotton sock
• Conductive thread
• 1 Blue LED, 1 Red LED, 1 Green LED
• Circuit Playground Express
• 200 Ohm resisters & 10k Ohm resistors
• Fake flowers and leaves
• Paper

Reflection and Next Steps

I’m super happy with the turn out. I had little to no issues with the code. They only part that gave me problems sometimes were the LEDs and resistors coming loose and I would have to tighten the thread a little bit. If I were to take this further I would definitely add a second sock  and experiment with different LED patterns. I would probably add a few other LEDs around the entire sock. Finally I would probably spend more time creating a better barrier between the device and my direct skin as opposed to just paper.

Resources and Related Works

Skechers. (n.d.). S Lights: Sweetheart Lights.

Retrieved from  https://www.skechers.com/kids/girls/s-lights-sweetheart-lights/302059L.html