The ‘Call Mom’ Project

By Frank, Jingpo, Tabitha

Project Description:

Mom misses you. She wants to know why you never call. The ideal moment to call Mom would be that fleeting period of time before bed where she’s snuggled under the blankets with a hot tea and a good book, just about to drift off to sleep. But of course she hasn’t told you this, you’re just expected to know through a nonexistent form of parent-child telekinesis.

Call Mom is an Arduino-based networking project that uses a light sensor to determine when her reading lamp is switched on and sends you a notification that she’s in relaxation mode, ready to hear from you. The device is housed inside a vintage book that blends in seamlessly with her bedroom decor. Powered by a simple battery pack it’s a low maintenance internet connected device that sits inconspicuously by her bedside. Some moms will want to know how it works and others won’t care in the least, but it’s a universal truth that moms just want to hear your voice and know that they haven’t been forgotten amidst the chaos of your busy life.

Github Link: https://github.com/imaginere/Experiment-4

Ideation:

The first iteration of our project was a simple device that allows parents to send their young children messages while they were at school, kind of like a kid-friendly pager. As we continued to develop the idea we discussed how children have trouble perceiving time in the same way adults do, so parents and teachers could program reminders with friendly icons to mark key moments throughout the day. Based on Frank’s initial sketch we decided that the object should resemble a wooden children’s toy with an lcd screen in the front and a simple button on the top for the child to confirm that they had received the message.

Frank's first sketch for the kid-friendly messaging device.

Frank’s first sketch for the kid-friendly messaging device.

We quickly ran into trouble when we realized that the Feather and our lcd screen were not compatible with Pubnub. After discussing the situation with Kate we determined that it was best to pivot towards a new idea. In the brainstorming session we explored other ways of marking the passage of time but many of these ideas felt like watered-down versions of google calendar. So we went back to the initial concept – networking. What does it mean to network? Why do we seek connection? Rather than think it through intellectually we distilled our project down to the universal feeling of separation through distance. Longing to be with the person you care about the most. Late night calls to your loved one, though miles apart, still knowing that you’re both looking out the window at the same night sky. I just want to know that you’re thinking of me.

As we discussed new directions Frank made drawings on the blackboard to help clarify our ideas.

While discussing new directions Frank made drawings on the blackboard to help solidify our ideas.

We continued to explore the idea of a remote and networked self. Tabitha explained how she keeps her favourite travel destinations on her phone’s weather app to help her imagine that she’s somewhere else. On a rainy Toronto day she can see the current weather in Paris and concoct an escapist fantasy of the adventures she would be having if she was there instead. Jingpo told us that she does something similar to help her imagine what her Mom is doing overseas. She described the experience of never knowing the best time to call her mom who lives far away in another time zone. The best time to call is usually right before bed. Frank mentioned hearing about a project where the artist created a networked sensor that would alert him when his mother was seated in her favourite chair. It was these elements combined that caused the “ah-ha!” moment – A light sensor that could send you a message when Mom’s bedside lamp turns on and she has settled down for the night with a cup of tea and a good book. Now we had a project to address the question “What’s the best time to call mom?”

Coding Process: (Frank)

Hardware & Coding the Device

This is the hardware we used to achieve this project:

– Adafruit Feather ESP8266

– 7mm photoresistor

– 1K Resistor

The Fritz diagram for the circuit:

booklight

As you can see the circuit is super simple. We have focused primarily on the functionality of what we were trying to achieve.

What do the parts do?

The photoresistor is a simple device that measures the amount of light it is receiving. It sends this number which is constantly changing to the Analogue pin(An analog pin is represented with the letter before the number, in this case, A3, A1, and A2 cannot be used in this instance since we are using WIFI on the ESP8266 which disables those two pins for use) on the Arduino.

When the Arduino is ON(Powered up) the Loop() function is constantly monitoring the sensor information, and when it goes above a certain number it triggers an event which sends a message to IFTT(An internet service which provides hooks to various notification protocols) The IFTT service which in our case is using Webhooks sends an email and notification to the users ID which is set in the Arduino code.

We can easily change this amount of people who receive this notification to up-to 12 different emails if we use the Gmail notification through IFTT, we did not use this during our presentation and in the code as it was unreliable at times and was causing our code to get glitchy.

The code also makes sure we only receive only one notification until the lamp is turned OFF, if the lamp is turned on again it will send another notification.

A feature that we would like to add in the next iteration is time of day, in which case it will bypass the notification if it is not 8-12pm, in which case it can be made very power efficient too if we use a switcher to power down the use of Wifi when it is not needed. This would allow for this device to be made very small using different hardware and a better power management circuit.

Trouble Shooting the Code:

The code although straightforward needed some mental gymnastics to get sorted out. These were the main challenges facing us.

1. How can we reliably get the notification to trigger? We were given PubNub (www.pubnub.com) as an internet protocol to use, which is essentially a messenger service, we would have to get the Arduino to send a message to PubNub and that in-turn send us a notification, this was easier said than done as PubNub has a lot of Api’s that connect to it which could do this but  it was very technical to set them up on the server side and also figure out the api documentation in a matter of a few days. We are not inherently coders and most of these technologies are introduced to us at the start of the week alongside 2-3 three other projects we have on the go. Given that limitation, we looked for a simpler solution which could meet our communication wireless needs for this project. IFTTT was the answer, there were good youtube videos which demonstrated the use of setting up the applet in IFTTT and using the api Key. The one I referred to was: [https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=znFMNzT_Gms&t=107s]

2. The second problem we faced was the trigger would keep going off all the time as soon as the light was turned on, this again is a simple fix in retrospect but at the time was a head scratcher for people who don’t come from an intensive coding background. The solution was using a conditional if then boolean statement which bypasses the trigger once the light has been turned on and the trigger is set to light on = true.

3. The final piece of the puzzle was the getting the notification to trigger reliably and finding a good median light reading that would not trigger in normal lighting conditions. Also, we would have liked to use the gmail notification which would notify multiple people(siblings) at the same time but this proved to be unreliable because of the IFTTT service. It still works and can be used in the code but might skip a few times the lamp is turned on because the IFTTT has an issue with this applet.

The Internet of Things

We looked at the internet of things for inspiration to build this project, which we environ becoming a standalone project in the future. The electronics are embedded into a real book creating a sense of continuity in a nostalgic use of an artifact we are all used to having on a bedside table. We would like to add a practical use to the book in the future, which could be a way of recording all the times we did call our mom because of this little book. It also blends into our daily lives silently performing what some would consider a mundane task, but the links us across continents giving us a tangible feeling of knowing our loved ones are getting ready to call it a night.

We could extend this project by adding an internet log of all times the lamp was switched on and off, which would show our parents sleep times, but we question the use of this and if they would want this kind monitoring, it could also be used for parent in aged homes, its a gentle nudge on our phones just letting us know the rhythm of their lives.

Where the wild things are

We are taken into the world of the imagination where we find a thread of connection from a simple sms, not sent by our mom’s but sent by a machine which is silently placed beside their bedside table reminding us that they matter. We have a world of over communication from all sides, we may receive a message every day from loved ones forwarding jokes or making casual remarks, but there is something magical about a voice and the time we spend just to reflect about time and space they might be in.

A sketch I did thinking about our concept over the weekend.

A sketch I did thinking about our concept over the weekend.

Fabrication: (Tabitha)

We decided early on that it was important for our project to feel nostalgic. Working from the idea of a mom’s bedside table we began to think of objects that could house a light sensor, Arduino and battery pack that wouldn’t feel out of place. We settled on a book because it would be large enough to house the components and could be sent through the mail to wherever Mom lives.

Items from my home

Items from my home including the book corner.

I looked around my apartment for objects that fit within the vision we had for the project. My family is really into antiques and my husband works for the library so I had no shortage of materials to choose from in our home. In selecting these objects I tried to create a vignette with universal appeal. Even though the items come from my family it was important that I wasn’t recreating the bedside table of my own mom. To connect emotionally with our audience they needed specific details but also the freedom to project their own Mom onto these objects. So in our case that meant a cup of tea, an assortment of books, a lamp and an old family portrait.

Building the book

Building the book required several hours of gluing and snipping.

After selecting a musty copy of Heidi from the never-to-be-read section of our bookshelf I headed to the Maker Lab where Reza shook his head and said there were no shortcuts in this case, each page had to be cut and glued by hand! At over 250 pages this had me wishing I had chosen a smaller book… but thankful that I hadn’t picked something ridiculous like Ulysses. The light sensor was placed on the front cover of the book and two holes were drilled to connect the wires to the Arduino. At the end I attached velcro to the front cover so the components would stay in place.

The final setupThe final setup at the Grad Gallery.

Before the presentation we set up the table with the light-sensitive book as well as props to help build the world of this fictional mom character. There was a cup of tea – brown rice tea, low in caffeine since it’s just before bed! She keeps by her bedside a copy of Heloise’s Kitchen Hints as well as  Machiavelli’s The Prince and we leave you to decide which of the two books has the greater influence! After it was all set up we did one more test to make sure we were receiving messages from the Feather to our phones.

Future Development of a User Interface: (Jingpo)

We decided to keep the main function and make user interface simple this time, but for future development of this project. We are thinking of having a web interface where provide users other useful ancillary functions. After class critique on last Friday, we found one interesting insight that sometimes it’s very difficult to call to our parents since we haven’t contacted in quite a while.

We got a very good reaction from our international students about this project. The emotional response that happened while demonstrating the project exceed our expectations. Many of them expressed they would buy the device if it was a merchandise for sale.

Follow-up functions for products:

Possibilities for a calling interface.

Possibilities for a calling interface.

1.Web page: When you received an email or text message alert, you could click on a link to an external webpage.
The whole webpage would be created in p5 Javascript. The image of the page changes when the light is turned on and off. Users can visually check multiple data, such as local weather, current temperature, humidity and air quality, date and time. We found there is a possibility to receive a central district of the city/town mom lives with its own parameters (city name) in API response.

2. Sensors:
If possible we can add temperature sensor into this device, so users can only know the local temperature but also real temperature at home.

3. Click-to-call links:
In most cases, international call would be very expensive, so people usually choose to call their moms online. It would be great to create click-to-call links for mobile browsers. They can call their mom directly through the link without downloading or opening video chat application such as Facetime or Skype. We found some meta tags or syntax code call Skype or Facetime applications from a website.

4. Data generator:
Hopefully we can access to user’s personal data and provide them some useful data, such as “What the average time she sleep?”, “What the last time you call her?”, or “How long did she read yesterday?” . We care about our parents’ health and want to know if they go to bed on time even though we don’t call them everyday.

5. Chat topics:
We are very interested in the insight we found that sometimes we feel it was difficult to call to our parents. You miss her voice and want to call but something hold you back. After you struggle a bit, it turn out you choose text. If possible we can randomly provide you some topics that you can talk with your mom.

A tracker that documents mom's routine before bed.

A tracker that documents mom’s routine.

Class Critique and Conclusions:

Presenting our project to the class.

Presenting our project to the class.

We had discussed doing a role play scenario where one of us would act as the mom but that didn’t seem like the right direction. As we were setting up Tabitha had the thought of calling her real mom during the presentation – coincidentally they had just been talking on the phone that morning. So Tabitha sent a synopsis of the presentation as well as some photos of the setup and told her mom to be herself and say whatever she’d normally say before bed. She was very excited to be asked to participate in the project!

Sending secret messages to my mom in class.

Sending secret messages to my mom in class.

The feedback we received was complimentary but the most striking was the emotional response that happened while demonstrating the project with Tabitha’s mom. We were able to see the heart of the project reflected in faces of our classmates. There was a sense of understanding why this simple device matters and how it can make a big difference in a very small way.

We were asked to think about practical aspects like the future iterations of the device. Suggestions included shrinking it down to bookmark size, repurposing it for different family members and networking it with communication messengers to develop a calling interface. The gallery project could be expanded by creating multiple character vignettes using the bedside table theme. However no technology can fully address the question “Now that she’s on the phone, what do I say to her?” Sometimes it’s very difficult to relate to our parents as they are disconnected from our day to day. But perhaps that’s besides the point. Moms are resilient and all they want is a brief acknowledgement that they are loved through the simple act of saying goodnight.

References/Context: The following are some items, blogs and resources that inspired us and helped develop our project.

screen-shot-2018-11-24-at-10-46-19-am

https://learn.adafruit.com/wifi-weather-station-with-tft-display/software

This weather station was the initial inspiration for our parent-child communication device. The plan was to use this lcd screen however we changed the direction for our project.

http://blog.ocad.ca/wordpress/digf6037-fw201602-01/category/experiment-3/

As we were still exploring the calendar idea we found this project from a previous digital futures class.

https://www.hackster.io/createchweb/displaying-an-image-on-a-lcd-tft-screen-with-arduino-uno-acaf48

This was useful in trying to troubleshoot the lcd screen and arduino connections.

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=znFMNzT_Gms&t=107s

This is the video I referred to for the help with the setting up IFTT, he uses block code to setup the function.

http://easycoding.tn/tuniot/demos/code/

This is the block code editor for ESP8266, it makes troubleshooting code a little easier if you can’t follow normal syntax, It also provides the C++ code if you build your logic in the block code editor, you can just copy and paste the code in your arduino sketch.

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https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/WireTap_(radio_program)

Tabitha – The inspiration to call my mom came from years spent listening to Jonathan Goldstein interview his family on CBC’s Wiretap as well as a general interest in ‘ordinary people’ as performers. Three years of Second City training has taught me the power of unscripted acting for its spontaneity and truthfulness, but I especially love it when untrained actors are brought onstage. All it takes is a short briefing about the premise and away they go. That’s when the magic happens.