By Masha Shirokova
My idea was to create a multi-sensory device, which allows users to explore sense crossing and experience at least 3 senses.
Play is an (musical? visual? tangible?) instrument with multisensory interface: users are able to play sounds, create their own sound and visual compositions on the screen by interacting with tactile sensors. All of the sounds present a visual animation over the background when played. Play enables users to make a whole “orchestra” out of pom poms, glasses of water and other non-musical objects, turn a palette into a rhythmic sequencer.
For now, this device consists of 3 tactile objects: glass of water, paper foldable button and pompom button, that control three modes of visuals on the screen and 3 sounds. Further, I would like to expand the amount of objects, as well as to make visual part more complicated.
This device provides users with lots of performance possibilities. It is also can be used for educational purposes and experiences to give kids and adults a chance to interact with music in new and different ways.
Hearing smells or seeing sounds are examples of possible synesthesia – one of my main research interests. This experiment is my first attempt to create a multi-sensory object, which helps users to understand how tightly senses are crossed and connected to each other. In the case of Play, pushing or touching DIY buttons triggers sound and colorful visual animation.
The history behind the aesthetic expression of synesthesia arose from the paintings of Wassily Kandinsky and Piet Mondrian. It continued in note drawings of Cornelius Cardew, who literally drew his music on notation schemes. Sometimes these were quite identifiable notes, but their duration and relative volume should be determined by the performer. The epiphany of this approach was his book “Treatise”, comprising 193 pages of lines, symbols, and various geometric or abstract shapes that largely eschew conventional musical notation. Simple grid of the board and screen interface was inspired by geometrical abstract works of Mondrian, classical notation scheme and short films by Oskar Fischinger. The screen grid is affected by the sound and turns into the sound wave which changes depending on the volume (amplitude) of the sound.
Wassily Kandinsky was capable of “hearing”colors and that is why he composed his famous “symphony pictures” to be melodically pleasing. He combined four senses: color, hearing, touch, and smell. Therefore, experimenting with perceiving senses differently by using the device can be a valuable exercise to develop imagination and creativity. In his compositions, circles, arcs and other geometrical shapes seem to be moving, therefore I also used simple animated shapes and bright colors to keep connection with the artist who experienced synesthesia.
Composition 8 by Wassily Kandinsky
Composition London by Piet Mondrian
Drawn notes from “Treatise” by Cornelius Cardew
Working on sound part was a new experience for me, therefore I picked 3 different sounds: rapid drum sound, and 2 xylophone sounds. There is a Russian band SBPCH (Samoye Bolshoe Prostoe Chislo) that plays electronic music, based on simple but nice sounds of water, rain, glass or ping pong sounds. I wanted to reach the same effect by picking up my sounds. This is how I “hear” collapsing and growing shapes.
As for the tactile part, my goal was to make tangible experience as much diverse as I could, so I included soft pom pom button, paper button and glass of water. At the same time, users experience something soft, colourful, dry and solid, and liquid – this is where contrast of touch , sounds and visuals mix together.
First, I saw the possibility of adding water to the circuit in the video of Adafruit Industries Company. Then, I realized that they use different boards, which use capacitive touch. Therefore, I started looking for other methods of using water as a sensor. I added salt and it worked!I
First week, I started with brainstorming some initial ideas for the project:
- Shadow play
- Use of bubble wrap
- Game based on the principle of Minesweeper Online Game
- Multi-sensory device
I decided to do the last, as it represents my research interest and, hopefully, will be helpful for my thesis.
The first class codes, provided by Kate, became foundation for my project. I replaced potentiometers by DIY sensors and added more details to the Processing code(sound and visual).
Circuit from the first class
For the grid, I used soundwave (the same method we used in Echosystem for Experiment 1t) which was affected by amplitude of the sound.
- 3D rotating cubes for the starting screen using P3D Library and rotation.
2.First sensor activates the yellow square( Y position of the square was mapped with sensor value) and “play more” text.
3. Second sensor activates static composition of star and rectangles.
4. Third sensor activates text and a circle ( fill color was randomized: fill(0, random(0,240), 255), its Y position also was mapped with sensor value. Moreover, there were activated three more ellipses, their size was changing due to FrameCount command using different proportions, so they looked like water surface. Third sensor is also responsible for the sound wave.
Two sensors are being activated
Figuring out the sound:
Wiring the potentiometers to the Arduino and writing the code for 3 DIY sensors was simple. However, working with multiple sounds was a bit challenging. First, I looked at sound libraries I can use in processing and I found Sound Library and Minim Library. While using 2 sounds, it was comfortable to use both, as it was possible to stop and play sound files from 2 different libraries. However, when I added the third sound, it did not play. So, instead of pausing sounds I changed volume and used only Sound Library.
I was excited to work with different materials and provide users with very different experience. In the beginning, being inspired by performance where users used only fruits to play music, I wanted to use lemon as one of the sensors. However, there were 2 “not enough” – not enough voltage or lemon was not enough conductive. So, I switched to squishy circuits and tested play-dough. It also was not very reliable, even though I tried 2 kinds of resistors. Play-dough sensor only worked as a switch from on mode to off. Therefore, I came up with the idea of 2 buttons (paper and pom pom) which would still allow to experience different interaction and contrast material. Furthermore, I still wanted to use a glass of water as a sensor. Although, I did not manage to activate this sensor with user’s touch, I did make it work as a simple switch (sensor reaches its max value – when both clips are in the glass). In this case, salt helped me a mot by making water more conductive.
I preferred copper to foil as a copper material, as it was less flexible and more stable.
- Fluffy Button & Paper Button
Assembling and making:
As I see this device as an open structure for adding extra tangible objects, I decided to keep the model structure also exposed to public and did not hide the wires which were connected to the button and to the glass of water.
The tactile part consisted of laser-cut board, pom-pom button (fluffy balls were simply glued to the card with copper piece covered with velostat, while the other copper piece was glued to the board), and the paper button ( sensor part was hidden inside, so pressing allowed 2 parts of the sensor connect with each other).
For the visual interface i did laser-cutting of the board and box, where I could hide the bread board.
The best part of this experiment is that my classmates were actually interested in interacting with the device and enjoyed the process of creating bits and melody.
A few days later after the presentation, I am looking at the project and thinking, why I did not manage to make it more complicated. I know I should have set up and edited the sounds, so the result melody would be better.
In general, I enjoyed working on this project, as I could actually play with my favorite materials: sound, image and tactile materials. However, as I set up a to use all 3 senses, I did not have enough time to work on the quality of the sound. My further plan is to improve the processing code by adding sounds and complicating the visual part.
Another plan is to match sound, visual and tactile part on real based data received from people who experience synesthesia. I believe this phenomena can be found very inspiring for other users. Even those who do not feel mixed senses, the synesthesia vocabulary can be used as a source of inspiration, since color and music associations are very poetic and metaphorical. Perhaps, users shall produce their very own vocabulary of vision to be able to experience art fully, and hopefully the future PLAY device can be useful in order to expand our sense experience.
16 Pineapples – Teplo. (n.d.). Retrieved November 5, 2019, from https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=SimccVMCpv4.
Adafruit Capacitive Touch HAT for Raspberry Pi – Mini Kit – MPR121. (n.d.). Retrieved November 5, 2018, from https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Wk76UPRAVxI&list=PL5CF99E37E829C85B&index=130&t=0s.
An Optical Poem (1938) by Oskar Fischinger. (n.d.). Retrieved November 5, 2019, from https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_kTbt07DZZA.
Chen, P. A. (2016, November 15). How to add background music in Processing 3.0? Retrieved November 5, 2019, from https://poanchen.github.io/blog/2016/11/15/how-to-add-background-music-in-processing-3.0.
“Early Abstractions” (1946-57), Pt. 3 by Oskar Fischinger. (n.d.). Retrieved November 5, 2019, from https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=RrZxw1Jb9vA.
Nelzya Skazat’ Koroche by SBP4. (n.d.). Retrieved November 5, 2019, from https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=XIictPv-5MI.
Puckett, N., & Hartman, K. (2018, November 2). DigitalFuturesOCADU/CC18. Retrieved from https://github.com/DigitalFuturesOCADU/CC18/tree/master/Experiment%203
Swinging. (n.d.). Retrieved November 5, 2019, from https://works.jonobr1.com/Swinging.
Visual music. (2019, September 19). Retrieved November 5, 2019, from https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Visual_music.