Skull Touch

S K U L L  T O U C H – An interactive skull

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Skull Touch
An interactive skull that reacts to the touches of people and gives output in the form of spooky sound in different amplitudes and frequency.

Mentors
Kate Hartman & Nick Puckett

Description

This project tries to explore different states of touche such as no-touch, one finger touch, two-finger touch and grab. Capacitive touch enables to detect the different state of touch.
When you think of the word “Tangible interface”, the first thing comes in my mind is the tactile interface that anyone can feel, touch and interact with. Why scary theme, since it was Halloween time and hence the spooky skull.

Github link: https://github.com/Rajat1380/SkullTouch

Inspiration

I started with the idea about how to use a pressure sensor and a touch sensor, then I realized that only two states can be obtained and I was not satisfied with that. So I started looking for how to get more output.
I got to know about the Capacitive touch sensor through which any surface can be a sensor. After watching this video by DisneyResearchHub, this got me thinking that this is what I was trying to do initially. Disney had developed its own hardware to detect different sensors and information is not open for the public. Then I started looking for alternatives and found StudioNAND/tact-hardware. They have provided all the information regarding the capacitive sensor. I always want to work with audio and how to control them with different input methods. This project gave me all the required push to go for it. As an input device, I chose the skull as this project was happening around Halloween time.

The Process

I started with the circuit set up and code to get the capacitance value for the different touches. The list provided by studioNAND to make low budget capacitive sensor is given below.

Requirement
1× 1N4148 diode
1× 10mH coil
Condensators

1× 100pF
1× 10nF
Resistors

1× 3.3k
1× 10k
1× 1M

I got all the except components except 10mH inductor. I got 3.3 mH inductor instead of recommended one in the list and preceded with the circuit set up.
I have to install TACT library for Arduino and processing to run the code.

Arduino Circuits

circuit

circuit2

Prototype 1

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The output was very distinctive for no-touch, one finger touch, but not for one finger and two-finger touch. I figured this out very late in my project. This was happening because of 3.3mH inductor.  The range I was getting is too narrow for distinctive touches. I tried to make an inductor on 10mH with the hollow cylinder and copper wire but I was not able to get near 10mH. So proceeded with the current code.

As I was planning the control audio with the skull as an input device through different modes of touch. I directly jumped into the processing to couple the capacitance value with the amplitude, frequency of the scary sound to give spooky experience to the user.

Final Setup

group-15setup3

img_0597img_0601 img_0602Challenges & Learnings

  1. Libraries and how, where to install, these were my hard learning with this project. As TACT library was created in 2014 as now there is no support for the new Arduino microcontroller. So I have to use Arduino UNO.
  2. I was getting noise in capacitance output even for no-touch. I tweeted the developer of the TACT library and I got a reply from him. He gave me access to controlling sound via a microphone input. I am still finding this hard to understand. Someday I will.
  3. Getting components was hard for me as I was not able to get all the components from creation. I tried to craft inductor and it was not successful. It’s part of learning and it difficult to accept the dead ends.

References

StudioNAND, 2014 tact-hardware
28th Oct, 2019 [https://github.com/StudioNAND/tact-hardware]

Tore Knudsen, 2018 Sound Classifier tool
29th Oct, 2019 [http://www.toreknudsen.dk/journal/]

Tore Knudsen, 2018 Capacitive sensing + Machine Learning
29th Oct, 2019 [http://www.toreknudsen.dk/journal/]

Tore Knudsen, 2017 SoundClassifier
29th Oct, 2019 [https://github.com/torekndsn/SoundClassifier]

Tore Knudsen, 2017 Sound classification with Processing and Wekinator
29th Oct, 2019 [https://vimeo.com/276021078]

DisneyResearchHub, 2012 Botanicus Interacticus
30th Oct, 2019 [https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=mhasvJW9Nyc&t=49s]

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