Mind Map

Mar 10

The work ad idea that struck me the most was Bonaventure Soh Bejeng Ndikung’s article The Globalized Museum? Decanonization as Method: A Reflection in Three Acts. The author addresses the new issue that has emerged as many gallery spaces attempt to address their lack of diversity within the art the choose to showcase. Although in an attempt to fix a problem, it seems as though gallery spaces may have the tendency to pick artists solely for the sake of seeming more diverse. This can lead to a new issue of having artists who are used as a “token”. It takes away from the actual work and the artist, and instead is a focus on how diverse the gallery space is.


I agree with the points that the author brought up about institutions doing things to “diversify” can, although with well intention, bring up more problems when spear headed by people who are cis, white, or male. This reminded me of Audre Lorde’s “The Master’s Tools Can’t Dismantle The Master’s House”. You won’t be able to properly dismantle systems while the people changing those systems are the people who have made them, still benefit from them, or don’t have a proper understanding of what the true issues are and what needs to be done. It is quite impossible for someone who hasn’t gone through certain experiences to understand what it is like for others. Just as I won’t be able to fully understand the life of a non white-passing POC, a cis male won’t be able to fully understand the life of someone who is a cis gendered female. However, this does not take away from the importance of attempting to understand one another. In fact, I believe that it further pushes the point that those in minority groups should have high positions in order to more accurately reflect the group itself. The art world is wide, and if only one view is reflected and shown to the mass public, the public view then no longer accurately reflects the art world. Although impossible to have one person represent a huge demographic, the current standings of having those in power be a majority of cis white men represents none of the demographic.


I liked the point that Bonaventure Soh Bejeng Ndikung made that in addressing this issue, is it important for things to be ongoing. For example, they mentioned regularly showing BIPOC artists in museums, rather than holding shows meant to represent artists from certain regions for a specific amount of time, to then be taken down. It becomes more integrated with the museum, and allows the programs and collections to be diverse and actively supportive of artists that are LGBTQ+ or BIPOC. Support and diversity should be something ongoing, and should become regular to the point where seeing anything but becomes abnormal.

Mar 08


The territories I currently reside in include the Anishinabewaki, Haudenosaunee, Mississaugas of the Credit First Nation, and Wendake-Nionwentsïo.

The Anishinabewaki controlled the hub that was at the Great Lake’s in the 1600’s and 1700’s. Currently, the Union of Ontario Indians represents 39 of the Anishinabek First Nations, because they needed to legally exist to have legally binding agreements. The Ojibwe, Odawa, and Potawatomi Nations formed the Confederacy of the Three Fires. More information can be found on their website https://www.anishinabek.ca/who-we-are-and-what-we-do/

The Haudenosaunee are known as the people of the long house. The Haudenosaunee have 16 languages that are spoken, with the most common of that 16 being Mohawk, even though there are only three thousand fluent speakers. The core value is called the Seventh Generation, which considers how the actions taken today affect those in the generation beyond, up to seven generations. There is care and awareness of the future. Their official website, along with more information, can be found here: https://www.haudenosauneeconfederacy.com/

The Mississaugas of the Credit First Nation belong to the Anishinabek Nation. The name comes from Misi-zaagiing, “Great River-Mouth”. The MCFN Members post informational video, as well as updates on their website http://mncfn.ca/. They were the Host First Nation for the 2015 Parapan American Games

The Wendake-Nionwentsïo is the only community where you can find the Huron-Wendat nation, with eight clans total in the community. They hold the concept of circular thought, that all elements of nature are linked together, forming the great Kinship Circle. https://wendake.ca/ They have had their own electoral code since 2000.


It’s interesting to me to find how many people have to experience of little to no knowledge of the territories that they reside in. Me being in my 20s, and starting school in the early 2000’s, most people I know have some understanding of the territories they are in. In middle school, classes included learning about the long houses of the Haudenosaunee Confederacy. In high school, assemblies were held on missing the murdered indigenous women, and English classes included books from Indigenous authors.

While that is true, it is also strange and disheartening to be aware of how many people know so little about Canada’s history, but also about the beliefs and histories of each individual nation. It is impossible to know everything, yet, it is strange to live on a land and know nothing about the land’s people and practices. After reflecting on “Where are you?”, I’m reminded of how often the different Indigenous peoples are grouped together as being “Indigenous”, when there are so many different groups with different traditions and beliefs. There may be some similarity, but each is separate and their own. And perhaps seeing similarity between them could be my own bias about not seeing how different they truly are. Even seemingly obvious differences, like different languages and housing, are not commonly taught.

While researching and looking through the different nations, I found that they are mostly community centered. Information can be found on support for mental health, substance abuse, education, community events, and so much more. There is the constant of the community being there for it’s community. I think that’s something that the current Canadian government lacks, both with non-Indigenous and Indigenous residents.

Although completely different, each website listed is centered on strong community. For example, the Cercle des Sages (or Circle of Sages) of the Huron-Wendat Nation shows their imporant of having someone to represent the voice of those in their family circle.

Canada’s mistreatment of Indigenous communities is still ongoing today, with the Giant Mine that was set to happen in the territory of the Yellowknives Dene. Even after multiple apologies and acknowledgement’s of the issue that is the Canadian government mistreating land that belongs to the First Nations, we continue to see mine’s and pipelines being permitted on Indigenous land.

Mar 08


I decided to do a small outline sketch of my street and an outline of where I am in Scarborough. Noises of my area are a combination of human-made objects (such as cars whirring, people walking, and traffic lights clicking) and nature (such as birds chirping, wind through trees, and the crunch of leaves). I think that is a reflection of the people in the area itself, as Scarborough is a mix of different cultures in one area coming together.

Mar 08


Image: Short words about those that I honor, on homemade recycled paper made by my sister.


Those that I honour:

  • Divy Uptegrove
  • Dolores Sallentes
  • Narcisse Nianzou
  • My lola
  • Marilyn Mendoza
  • Elizabeth Stern
  • Hannah Höch


Journal: What needs would you like to communicate from group work?

Regarding group work in the past, I think needs I would like to communicate in order to feel comfortable would be about needing space to think. More recently, it has come to my attention that I take a fairly long time to process information, especially with the pandemic, it becomes harder to do things more frequently. However, I don’t want that to hinder group to discussions, as sometimes it’s important to have a group meet often so everyone is on the same page. I hope that through talking about my schedule with my peers, I was able to show that need and display to my group what it is that I need within the discussion space.

Mar 05
Reflecting on
Rebecca Belmore, Ayum-ee-aawach Oomama-mowan: Speaking to Their Mother, 1991
Richard Long, Walking a Line in Peru, 1972
Belmore’s piece does more than act as a visual, as it “gives a voice” to those wanting to speak to the land itself. Belmore brings the importance to the land that we are on, and at the same time gives people to space to have a voice in protest. I think it really relates to the week’s theme as we talk specifically about North America, and both the previous and ongoing mistreatment of the land and it’s Indigenous people. Belmore emphasized the importance of being aware of the land you’re on and speaking up and doing something with the presence you were given, as well as talks about her own healing. She doesn’t talk about those things as being separate. Often, people see healing as being silence, or vice versa, view “stand up” as being broken. This piece shows speaking up and healing as being one thing. The artist calls on personally healing, and action to prevent the hurt of others.
The second artwork by Richard Long’s “Walking a Line in Peru” could have easily been imitated using a machine, but instead was decided to be made simply by walking over and over again. I feel like this speaks to the impact we have on the land we are on based on repeated actions that accumulate overtime. Things don’t simply “Just happen” but are a result of a bunch of factors and all of the things that happened before it.