Assignment 4: Open Proposal – Imra Ali (3187224)


I created a hydration clip that supports the wearer’s water-drinking journey. The portable device has a clip at the back that can be placed onto any article of clothing. The device has 2 buttons and 10 lights to support the interaction of water consumption. Button 1 (A) has a water drop icon on it and the wearer presses the button after they drink a glass of water. As there are 10 lights, the daily goal is to complete the ring. Once the daily goal has been achieved, the device turns on the celebration lights and sound. Button 2 (B) has a timer icon on it and when the wearer presses the button, their activating a 1-hour silent alarm. Once the timer is completed, a sound is played to remind the wearer to drink water. The timer is only activated when the wearer presses the button and wearers do not need to wait for it in order to drink water.


Consuming water is an essential part of the human body. This liquid helps regulate our organs, tissues, temperature, emotions, and performance. When looking at stats, humans around the world are not drinking enough water. Therefore, I decided to blend these two elements and create a hydration clip. Companies have tried many innovative ways to promote daily hydration such as building apps or creating smart bottles but unfortunately, people are still not motivated. Reminders from hydration apps get lost with other notifications and smart bottles are costly. Water bottles cannot be attached to a person 24/7 but this hydration clip can. My hydration clip is an effective solution since your daily counter is constantly on display with a built-in timer to remind you to drink. The satisfaction and urge to complete the ring provide an addictive rush. Wearers want to complete their rings and get rewarded with celebration lights and sound. This device is an effective way to support people’s water drinking journey and creating a healthy lifestyle.   


With the concept in mind, I began by creating a diagram to understand the input and output of each button. Next, I selected the colours for lights for each state and design the sleeve for the CPX.

diagram water-counter daily-goal-celebration

With the above documentation fixed, I was ready to move on to the coding process. Below is a screen of the code used on the hydration clip.


Once the coding process was complete, I moved on to the construction process of the sleeve. The material I used to cover the CPX was felt because it was soft but durable. I used claw clips since they have big mouths and can easily attach to any clothing. For the diffusion material, I used printing paper and wax paper. The construction was long and tedious because the lights had to align with the holes and the covers needed to be sewed on correctly. 

Below are close-up pictures of the sleeve and the implementation with lights. 

front-and-back-view interface-implementation

Final Project Images

Below is a video link to the demo:


Parts List

  • Circuit Playground Express
  • Micro USB
  • Felt Sheets
  • Printing Paper 
  • Wax Paper
  • Claw Pin
  • Stencil
  • Thread
  • Needle
  • Scissor

Reflections & Next Steps

Overall, I enjoyed creating the hydration clip. Reflecting upon my exploration journals and assignments, they all were building blocks that helped to create this concept. I learned that coding requires a lot of experimentation and that I will not get it on the first try. 

The construction process was my favourite because it requires great detail and precision. I went through multiple trial and error sessions before settling on this design. By doing this, I built confidence in creating the final sleeve. The sewing process was quite difficult because I had to make sure all the lights aligned with the holes that were created. 

In the end, I was happy with the creation and how much I have grown by taking this course. My next step for this project is to see if motion can be used to detect the wearer’s movement of drinking water. Also, I would look into batteries that would help to make the device portable. 


How much water do you need to stay healthy? (2020, October 14). Retrieved from

Quench USA, I. (2018, June 27). Nearly 80 Percent Of Working Americans Say They Don’t Drink Enough Water: Quench Survey. Retrieved from

Tamlin, S. (2020, May 21). Human Hydration: Are we drinking enough? Retrieved from

Related Works (cited in APA)

Hidrate Inc. (n.d.). HidrateSpark steel – INSULATED stainless Steel Bluetooth smart water Bottle & Free Hydration tracker app. Retrieved from

WaterMinder. (n.d.). Track your daily water intake With waterminder. Retrieved from

Skill Sharing Workshop – Group 7

Group Members: Giulia Zefilippo, Ziqi Guo, & Imra Ali


2020 turned the world upside down due to COVID. This month we completed 1 year of the pandemic. During these struggling times, people’s mental health has been triggered.

As a group, we decided to tackle this assignment by applying this real-world issue. In this workshop, you will create a self-reflection and meditation wearable.

How does it work?

The design is activated by a meditation pose. The experience begins with sound activation. A silent timer goes off but light animations are shown. Assuming that the person using the wearable has their eyes closed, the lights are meant for people around them to not disturb. Once the timer is complete, another sound will be played which means the person can release from their pose.

Materials Required

  • Long sleeve or button shirt
  • 2 x Sewing needles
  • Regular thread
  • Conductive fabric
  • Conductive thread
  • Circuit Playground Express + USB cable
  • Washable marker or Fabric Pencil (optional)
  • Scrap paper (optional)
  • Tape (optional)
  • Sponge (optional)

Where to buy materials

The materials listed above can be found either at home, local stores, or online. Amazon, Creaton, and Digikey are perfect placed to find conductive thread, conductive fabric, and the Circuit Playground Express. 

Circuit Diagram 


Step by Step Instructions

Step 1: Collect and prepare

Begin by collecting all the materials. After, prepare the sewing materials by threading the needles with regular thread and conductive thread.


Step 2: Cutting fabric and preparing guides

Using scrap paper, create and cut two identical shapes. Next, trace the two shapes onto conductive fabric and cut them out. These shapes will be placed on the sleeves of your shirt.


Step 3: Placement of guides

The paper shapes created in the previous step will act as your guides.

Tape the guides onto each sleeve.


The guides should touch each other when your arms are crossed and your hands rest on your shoulders. Below is a picture of the pose.


Step 4: Placement of conductive fabric shapes

Once the placement of the guides is correct, trace each shape using a washable marker (or fabric pencil). Remove the guides and place the conductive fabric shapes into the traced locations. Using regular thread, sew the fabric into place.


Step 5: Placement of the CPX

Using regular thread, sew the Circuit Playground Express onto the mid-chest or shoulder area. In our tutorial, we sewed the CPX onto the collar of our button shirt.


Step 6: Sewing a pathway with conductive thread

Using conductive thread, you’ll connect the CPX to the conductive fabric placed on your sleeves.

Begin by sewing around pin A3 to secure a strong connection. With the thread attached, sew down the sleeve to the closet conductive fabric. Ensure there’s a strong connection with fabric before cutting the thread.

Repeat the above process but with the GND (ground) pin.

IMPORTANT: When sewing pathways to the conductive fabrics, ensure they do not touch each other. If the threads touch, the circuit will be triggered and our product will not work.


Step 7: Uploading code & trying it out

Once the construction is complete, connect your micro USB wire to your computer and uploaded the below code.  Scroll down to learn how the code works

Voilà! Now take a seat, close your eyes, hold the crossed armed position, and enjoy this soothing mindful meditation.


Step 8: CPX Covering (Optional)

To add personality and uniqueness to your creation, take a sponge and draw a shape with it. Next, cut it out and tape it to your CPX. The sponge’s layers and the CPX’s built-in LED light delivers a beautiful combination.  step8

How does the code work?

The code used to create this meditation wearable is quite simple. A switch was created when you used the conductive thread to connect the CPX to the conductive fabric.

In the code, we indicated that if A3 and GND are connected then activate the meditation code. In the bracket, volume, brightness, medley, and timer are set. It begins with a medley being playing. Next, 5 light animations are shown for 60 secs each. After a secure connection for each light animation, a medley will go off to indicate the timer has finished. Of course, if there’s no connection between A3 and GND nothing will happen.  


Link to the tutorial video + code

We originally had planned for a wearable that required two people to be joined together to close the circuit, but things are different at the moment. Instead, the user is able to give themselves self-love and self-compassion in the form of meditation. We hope this tutorial will inspire you and influence you in your own practice.

Related tutorials & works cited

How to get what you want. (n.d.). Retrieved from

Plusea. (2017, November 09). Conductive thread pressure sensor. Retrieved from

Push_reset. (2017, October 10). How to work with conductive fabric. Retrieved from



Assignment 2: Expressive Wearable – Imra Ali (3187224)


The “Do Not Disturb Armband” helps you to stay productive without being disturbed by external sources. The wearable is wrapped around your bicep and is controlled by a snap button. When the person is free, the embedded lights animate into a rainbow. When the person is busy, the embedded lights animate into red flashes. The busy mode is activated by attaching the snap button. The free mode is activated when the snap button is detached. When wearing this device, the approaching person can easily tell whether they are free or busy. Based on what light is on, the person will instantly know what actions to take. The wearables should be worn in the direction of oncoming traffic.


COVID has changed everyone’s life. Following government protocols mean staying at home as much as possible. People are not used to being around their housemates 24/7. It is hard to focus when there are so many people around you. The simple question of “Are you busy?” easily distracts a person. A person may feel guilty by saying no or begin to wonder what is wrong. This led me to the conclusion of building the “Do Not Disturb Armband”. I believe the bicep area is the perfect place to wear this device. The flashing light is right below the person’s head so the approaching person cannot miss it. I believe the colors I chose perfectly match the different modes. There is a universal understanding that rainbows deliver a welcoming feeling while red flashes deliver a stay away feeling. At the end of the day, when a person stays focus they can finish their task quickly while simultaneously not procrastinating from distractions.


Before beginning to build my wearable, I sketched out the prototype.


Once I was confident with my prototyping sketch, I collected materials.


After, I begin coding the different modes. In my coding process, I preferred creating functions because I could easily organize and change the variables. There were many rounds of iterations and testing before ending up on this code.


When sewing the CPX and snap button I was extremely careful the conductive thread did not touch each other. Continuously checked with conductive fabric that the circuit was working.

a2-diagramimplem a2-outsidecircuit


Final Product

a2-imbusy a2-imfree

Reflections & Next Steps

Overall, I am extremely proud of what I created. The continuous trial and error allowed me to push through, learn, and innovate. The experimental process on the Make Code platform allowed me to understand the software side of e-textile.

Originally, I wanted to add a siren sound if someone talked while the individual was busy. I decided not to implement this idea because it would distract the individual wearing the armband. 

My next step for this project would be to play around with the lighting. I would add a screen that can be customized by writing the specific task being done. Also, I would love to play around with the placement of the wearable. I could make it a clip so it is accessible and can be used anywhere on the body. 


Cummins, E. (2020, July 15). Shirking from home. Retrieved from

Powers, J. (2020, August 07). Dealing with distraction during the covid-19 pandemic. Retrieved from

Related Works

Apple Inc. (2021, January 05). Use do not disturb on your iphone, ipad, and ipod touch. Retrieved from

The Samsung Group. (n.d.). Use silent modes on your Samsung smart watch. Retrieved from

Transfusion Media. (2020, November 22). StayFocusd. Retrieved from

Assignment 1: Speculative Wearable – Imra Ali (3187224)


The wearable I have designed is called Calmy. The product is a hoodie that begins to compress when an individual feels anxious, worried, and/or scared. The hoodie senses these emotions by the multiple sensors embedded into the fabric. For instance, located in the left cuff, you can find a heart rate checker. This location is ideal as it provides perfect access to the individual’s pulse. 

When the individual wears the hoodie, the sensors are keeping track of the heart and breathing rates. The moment the stats are becoming abnormal, the hoodie will compress to the individual’s body. Once the individual’s stats become normal, the hoodie will release compression and go back to its original form. 

If the individual is unable to recover and their stats become worse, the hoodie’s Bluetooth connection will alert the Calmy app to alert their emergency contacts.


Pressure stimulation has shown to be very successful for many individuals. When Calmy applies compression, it delivers a deep touch pressure which acts as a calming hug. This product will greatly benefit individuals with a sensory processing disorder, autism, anxiety, ADHD, etc.

Some benefits connected to pressure stimulation therapy are…

  • Decreased anxiety
  • Increased happiness (endorphin)
  • Increased attentiveness
  • Delivers a calming effect
  • Slows down involuntary functions in connection to stress and anxiety

Overall, the goal of Calmy is to help individuals deal with their emotions before they elevate. The hoodie’s sensors activate in advance so the individual is able to persevere through it.

Material Mood Board





Note: All the technology is placed inside expect the manual control buttons.


Work Cited

Grandin, T. (1992). Calming Effects of Deep Touch Pressure in Patients with Autistic Disorder, College Students, and Animals. Retrieved from

What is Deep Pressure Stimulation? (2020, April 29). Retrieved from

Similar Products

MACHINA HOODIE. (n.d.). Retrieved from

Special Order The Original Inflatable Calming Peapod Cocoon-Medium (60″ Green). (n.d.). Retrieved from