I – Lantingji Xu and Running Script
We have discussed Lantingji Xu which is not only a well-known Chinese literature but also an outstanding Chinese calligraphy artwork written by a famous calligrapher Wang Xizhi in East Jin Dynasty. It represents an epic calligraphy script in the style of semi-cursive or running script, being appreciated by people in different classes like the Emperor Taizong and other literati. Lantingji Xu also expresses an abstract and profound topic about life and death, conveying the transitoriness of beauty and the delight despite the world and time is changing all the time.
In addition to the widespread artwork Lantingji Xu, the calligraphy font used in it is also worthy to be studied and analyzed. We will focus on the origin and development of the running script and its advantages compared to the other styles. The application of Wang Xizhi in Lantingji Xu makes the running script revive again. On the other hand, the use of the running script also makes Lantingji Xu circulated at that time.
Last but not least, we will also represent the characteristics of some key anatomy and the formal elements with the demonstration of the calligraphy’s images. There are many rigorous rules which need to be followed by calligraphy learners. The rules like the writing order and the utilization of a square framed structure bring the Chinese characters a sense of balance and harmony. However, there are also a lot of variations on the Chinese characters or strokes which create different impressions and styles of the calligraphy.